I believe that my steel work appears very different than other sculptures that are out in the world primarily because the forms I am creating are an extension of my earlier stone carvings. Works in steel tend to be rectilinear in nature whereas stone sculptures (and my steel work) tend towards the curvilinear and/or compound curve. Equipment to form this kind of steel exists in industry but, in forms that are used commercially like curved pipe. In order to create the sculptural forms that I design we often have to engineer the equipment and invent the techniques used for their fabrication. This element of invention is central to my sculpture practice and most importantly to my joy of creation.